Depression in pregnancy

Depression in Pregnancy

Normally, people who are under depression face so many emotionally, mentally and physically changes. It takes more time to get recover from it. But depression in pregnancy has double chances to face so many changes. Not only pregnant lady experiences mental disturbance but also people who are with her may be friends, family or colleagues experience it too. Depression is as serious as it sounds. During pregnancy, before and after delivery these are the stages where you need to take proper care of yourself. Understand firstly what is depression and how you can take precautions for it.

Depression Meaning

It is emotional mental phase. If you are pregnant women, then there are high chances of having depression because in this phase lot of physical and mental changes occurs. You might have heard about pre and post pregnancy depression.

Prenatal Depression

It is a stage before giving birth to child. You will experience insomnia, frequent changes in emotionally and mentally, little bit weight gain, etc.

You can personally look out if it’s prenatal depression or not by observing these symptoms-

  • Changing eating habits
  • Loss of interest in daily activities
  • Crying without any reason
  • Getting feeling of exhausted

Postpartum Depression

After giving birth to a child, 10-20 % of new mothers have chances to get affected by postpartum depression. After delivery, this depression lasts for 2-3 weeks or more.

Postpartum Depression Symptoms

  • Feeling of guilt
  • Excessive amount of anger
  • Getting more conscious about your new born child
  • Constantly feeling Sad
  • Loss of interest
  • Not able to concentrate
  • Breathing problem

Postpartum Blues

It also called ‘Baby Blues’. During pregnancy your level of progesterone and estrogen hormone increases. As well as these hormones are linked with mood swings. After giving birth to baby, within 24 to 48 hrs your hormone level drops forcefully. You will start getting symptoms of postpartum blues within 2-3 weeks after delivery. You will feel-

  • Getting irritate by small things
  • Not able to sleep
  • Frustrated
  • Nervous

Factors Which Increases Risk of Depression in Pregnancy

  • When it comes to depression during pregnancy there are so many factors which lead to depression.
  • Feeling doubtful about pregnancy
  • If you are living alone it makes an huge impact on your pregnancy
  • If you have history of depression
  • Less communication with people
  • The age when you get pregnant(you are developing high risk if you are pregnant in young age)

Symptoms of Depression During Pregnancy

Pregnancy is the best stage of women’s life. No matter what are the physical and emotional changes you face but there are slight chances of experiencing depression in pregnancy. At some point you are happy and within a second your eyes will be full of tears. You might loss control of your emotions as well as feelings. Not all but most of the women may feel this mentally ups and downs. If you find out any symptoms which we have mentioned below kindly take help of your health consultant as early as possible.

  • Constant thoughts about suicide
  • Most of the time feeling depressed
  • Getting feeling of worthless
  • Losing decision power

Depression Affects Pregnancy

Depression makes a huge impact on pregnant women.

  • It is important for you to spend some time with yourself. Own space plays an important role during pregnancy because you get more time to talk to yourself and baby too. Taking care of health is important work to do. But depression keeps you away from the things which you really need to do. You will not be able to follow instructions given by doctor i.e. following proper diet and taking medicines on time.
  • Prettiest thing is when you try to connect with your baby when it’s inside of your womb. Your baby can listen your voice, feel your emotions and can feel your depression too. Depression can create difficulties in your path while making a bond with baby.

Depression Affects While Taking Care of Baby

Depression changes physical and mental health of the women and it is obviously going to affects during taking care of baby. It can be treated but if you are not able to consult health provider it is going to hamper your mental state.

Moms who are under depression have mood changes i.e. they love their child like anything and in next minute they don’t want anyone else around them. They just want to enjoy their own company.

It shows negativity. If you are being nice and good, doing everything for your baby-

Changing his diaper, giving him attention and happiness. You will have a lovely bond with your baby. This natural bond develops trust and love. Because that’s what he is going to learn from you- to trust others. But if you are depressed and having negative approach while taking care of your baby, you might be in a serious trouble. Your child will face issues later.

Mother’s Depression Affects Child’s Life

  • Babies get trouble to create secure bond with their moms
  • Getting sleeping problems
  • Delay in growth/development as compare to other babies
  • Always be quite

Treatment

There are number of methods to cure depression. It can be cure by antidepressant.

  • Antidepressant-It is medicine which uses to reduce symptoms of depression i.e. anxiety, stress. As well as selective medications can help you to lower the risk of depression.
  • Family as well as friends can help those pregnant women to feel stress free. By talking with her, taking care of her you will get to know what’s going on in her mind. Social and family supports lead to healthy mental state of women who is experiencing depression in pregnancy.
  • Developing new habits- reading books, listening calm music/songs, doing exercises. Change in daily routine can make you feel happy and keep your mind relaxed.
  • Sometimes, people get depressed because they think no one can understand them and nobody is there to listen them. Psychologist can help through one-on-one talking with women.
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